Publications in Scientific Journals:
J. Backhoff, M. Beiglböck, M. Eder, A. Pichler:
"Fundamental Properties of Process Distances";
Information is an inherent component of stochastic processes and to measure the distance between different stochastic processes it is not sufficient to consider the distance between their laws. Instead,
the information which accumulates over time and which is mathematically encoded by filtrations has to be accounted for as well. The nested distance/bicausal Wasserstein distance addresses this challenge by incorporating the filtration. It is of emerging importance due to its applications in stochastic analysis, stochastic programming, mathematical economics and other disciplines.
This article establishes a number of fundamental properties of the nested distance. In particular we prove that the nested distance of processes generates a Polish topology but is itself not a complete
metric. We identify its completion to be the set of nested distributions, which are a form of generalized stochastic processes. We also characterize the extreme points of the set of couplings which participate in the definition of the nested distance, proving that they can be identified with adapted deterministic maps. Finally, we compare the nested distance to an alternative metric, which could possibly be easier to compute in practical situations.
optimal transport nested distance martingales causal Wasserstein distance information topology Knothe-Rosenblatt rearrangement AMS subject classifications 60G05 60G99 90C15
Electronic version of the publication:
Created from the Publication Database of the Vienna University of Technology.