author = {Zoboli, Ottavia and Zessner, Matthias and Rechberger, Helmut},
    title = {{S}upporting phosphorus management in {A}ustria: {P}otential, priorities and limitations},
    journal = {{S}cience of the {T}otal {E}nvironment},
    year = {2016},
    volume = {565},
    pages = {313--323},
    doi = {10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.04.171},
    abstract = {{Protecting water bodies from eutrophication, ensuring long-term food security and shifting to a circular economy represent compelling objectives to phosphorus management strategies. This study determines how and to which extent the management of phosphorus in Austria can be optimized. A detailed national model, obtained for the year 2013 through Material Flow Analysis, represents the reference situation. Applicability and limitations are discussed for a range of actions aimed at reducing consumption, increasing recycling, and lowering emissions. The potential contribution of each {\&}{\#}64257;eld of action is quanti{\&}{\#}64257;ed and compared using three indicators: Import depen-dency, Consumption of fossil-P fertilizers and Emissions to water bodies. Further, the uncertainty of this assessment is characterized and priorities for the upgrade of data collection are identi{\&}{\#}64257;ed. Moreover, all the potential gains discussed in the article are applied to the reference situation to generate an ideal target model. The results show that in Austria a large scope for phosphorus stewardship exists. Strategies based exclusively either on recycling or on the decline of P consumption hold a similar potential to reduce import dependency by 50{\%}each. An enhanced P recycling from meat and bone meal, sewage sludge and compost could replace the current use of fossil-P fertilizers by 70{\%}. The target model, i.e. the maximum that could be achieved taking into account trade-offs between different actions, is characterized by an extremely low import dependency of 0.23 kgP cap{$^{{\&}{\#}8722;1}$} y{$^{{\&}{\#}8722;1}$} (2.2 kgP cap{$^{{\&}{\#}8722;1}$} y{$^{{\&}{\#}8722;1}$} in 2013), by a 28{\%} decline of emissions to water bodies and by null consumption of fossil-P fertilizers. This case study shows the added value of using Material Flow Analysis as a basis to design sound}}

Erstellt aus der Publikationsdatenbank der Technischen Universitšt Wien.