Publications in Scientific Journals:

S. Pfaffenberger, B. Devcic-Kuhar, K. El-Rabadi, M. Gröschl, W.S. Speidl, T.W. Weiss, K. Huber, E. Benes, G. Maurer, J. Wojta, M. Gottsauner-Wolf:
"2MHz ultrasound enhances t-PA-mediated thrombolysis: comparison of continuous versus pulsed ultrasound and standing versus travelling acoustic waves";
Thrombosis and Haemostasis, 89 (2003), 583 - 589.

English abstract:
In addition to fibrinolytic enzymes, ultrasound has the potential to enhance thrombolysis. High frequency ultrasound has the advantage that a combination of diagnostic and therapeutic ultrasound with only one device is possible. Therefore, we investigated the optimal high frequency (2 MHz) ultrasound field characteristics and application mode in vitro. Continuous ultrasound significantly enhanced rt-PA mediated thrombolysis: in a travelling wave field thrombolysis was augmented by 49.0 14.7% and in a standing wave field by 34.8 7.3%. In an intermittent application mode (l Hz, l0 Hz, 100 Hz, 1 kHz) most efficient results were obtained for both wave fields using 1 Hz (46.4 10.7% and 39.1 6.6%, respectively). Referring to a possible in vivo application our in vitro data suggests that an intermittent application of a 2 MHz high frequency ultrasound using a travelling wave field would be the most potent application for lysing blood clots.

Keywords: Ultrasound thrombolysis, standing and travelling wave field, continuous and pulsed sonication mode, D-dimer, fibrinolysis.

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