Publications in Scientific Journals:
S. Radel, C. Hauser, M. Gröschl, E. Benes:
"On a dual-chamber ultrasonic separator for the filtration of suspensions containing yeast cells and oil";
Acustica - acta acustica,
The principle of ultrasonically enhanced settling (UES) is succsessfully applied in biotechnology for filtration purposes, e.g. as cell-filter. Particles (biological cells) are concentrated in certain regions of a sonicated volume by an ultrasonic standing wave field (~2 MHz). Due to the dependence of the final settling velocity on the diameter of an object (Stoke's law), the resulting agglomerates settle more quickly than single cells. This principle, which relies on a sufficiently large difference in mass densities of the particles and the host liquid, is also applicable to dispersed material lighter than the liquid. Up to now, no feasible solution was at hand when a suspension contained both heavier and lighter particles. For this demand, a novel setup, the UES dual-chamber separator, was tested on suspensions of yeast cells and oil droplets as a model system. Here the volume exposed to the standing field is divided into two parts by an ultrasonically transparent foil perpendicular to the direction of sound propagation. Experiments have shown that the UES dual-chamber separator was able to deliver oil-enriched medium at an upper collecting outlet of the first chamber and a cellenriched medium at a lower collecting outlet of the second chamber. Data of the over-all separation efficiency of above 90 % at throughputs up to 25 L/d will be shown and discussed.
Created from the Publication Database of the Vienna University of Technology.