C. Domingo-Pardo, G. Badurek, E. Jericha, H. Leeb, H. Oberhummer, -. nTOF Collaboration:
"New measurement of neutron capture resonances in 209Bi";
Physical Review C, 74 (2006), S. 025807-1 - 025807-10.

Kurzfassung englisch:
The neutron capture cross section of 209Bi has been measured at the CERN n_TOF facility by employing the pulse-height-weighting technique. Improvements over previous measurements are mainly because of an optimized detection system, which led to a practically negligible neutron sensitivity. Additional experimental sources of systematic error, such as the electronic threshold in the detectors, summing of -rays, internal electron conversion, and the isomeric state in bismuth, have been taken into account. -Ray absorption effects inside the sample have been corrected by employing a nonpolynomial weighting function. Because 209Bi is the last stable isotope in the reaction path of the stellar s-process, the Maxwellian averaged capture cross section is important for the recycling of the reaction flow by decays. In the relevant stellar range of thermal energies between kT=5 and 8 keV our new capture rate is about 16% higher than the presently accepted value used for nucleosynthesis calculations. At this low temperature an important part of the heavy Pb-Bi isotopes are supposed to be synthesized by the s-process in the He shells of low mass, thermally pulsing asymptotic giant branch stars. With the improved set of cross sections we obtain an s-process fraction of 19±3% of the solar bismuth abundance, resulting in an r-process residual of 81±3%. The present (n,) cross-section measurement is also of relevance for the design of accelerator driven systems based on a liquid metal Pb/Bi spallation target.

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