Publications in Scientific Journals:
C. Eisenmenger-Sittner, B. Schwarz, C. Tomastik, P.B. Barna, A. Kovács:
"Experimental studies of solid state surface wetting of tin (Sn) on aluminium (Al)";
Applied Surface Science,
Experimental studies of solid state surface wetting of tin (Sn) on aluminium (Al)
C. Eisenmenger-Sittner a, B. Schwarz a, C. Tomastik b, P.B. Barna c and A. Kovacs c
a Institute of Solid State Physics, Vienna University of Technology, E-138, Thin Film Group, Wiedner Hauptstrasse 8-10, A-1040 Vienna, Austria
b Institute of General Physics, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria
c Institute of Materials Science, KFKI, Budapest, Hungary
Available online 20 January 2006.
Under ultra high vacuum (UHV) conditions tin (Sn) forms a monoatomic wetting layer on aluminium (Al) surfaces if Sn-islands formed by a preceding deposition process are present. Previous experimental observations and Kinetic Monte Carlo (KMC) simulations suggest that wetting layer formation is governed by thermally activated surface diffusion and adsorption processes.
This paper presents a systematic study of the wetting of the inner and outer interfaces of Al by Sn in sandwich systems consisting of a 400 nm Al-base layer, a 10 nm Sn interlayer and a 400 nm thick Al capping layer. The morphology and chemical composition of the sandwich systems is investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The wetting process is studied by scanning auger electron spectroscopy (AES) under UHV conditions. Depositing the Al-capping layer at different deposition rates allows for the assessment of the influence of the grain boundary density on the velocity of Sn-transport through the Al-capping layer. Studying the permeation speed of Sn through the capping layer at different temperatures shows that Sn penetrates the capping layer much more rapidly at elevated temperatures thus corroborating the involvement of thermally activated mechanisms in the transport process.
Keywords: Vapor deposition; Wetting; Spreading; Surface diffusion; Activation
Vapor deposition; Wetting; Spreading; Surface diffusion; Activation
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Created from the Publication Database of the Vienna University of Technology.