Publications in Scientific Journals:
F.R. Kogler, T. Koch, H. Peterlik, S. Seidler, U. Schubert:
"Mechanical, thermomechanical, and thermal properties of polystyrene crosslinked with a multifunctional zirconium oxo cluster";
Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics,
Inorganic-organic hybrid materials were prepared by free radical polymerization of styrene in the presence of varying amounts of the cluster Zr6O4(OH)4 (methacrylate)12. Stepwise polymerization allowed the preparation of bubble- and crack-free, transparent bulk samples on a 30 g scale with dimensions required for mechanical testing. Small-angle X-ray scattering investigations and transmission electron micrographs revealed that the clusters formed randomly distributed aggregates of random size. Solvent uptake in swelling experiments was related to the cluster proportion. Storage moduli in the glassy state were slightly increased when compared with neat polystyrene, but pronounced plateau moduli were observed above the glass transition temperature, which correlated to the cluster proportion. Plateau moduli were used to calculate network parameters such as network density. Onset temperatures of thermal decomposition and the glass transition temperatures of the cluster-crosslinked polymers were higher than that of neat polystyrene. Thermal expansion coefficients were unaffected in the glassy state, but were gradually reduced above the glass transition temperature with increasing cluster proportion. Both the tensile moduli at room temperature and the yield points increased when polystyrene was doped with the cluster. The strain hardening moduli, as determined in compression tests at large deformations, increased linearly with the cluster proportion.
crosslinking; hybrid polymer; mechanical properties; metal oxide clusters; structure-property relations
"Official" electronic version of the publication (accessed through its Digital Object Identifier - DOI)
Created from the Publication Database of the Vienna University of Technology.