D. Pearce, V. Sarsakov, T. Schaub, H. Tompits, S. Woltran:

"A Polynomial Translation of Logic Programs with Nested Expressions into Disjunctive Logic Programs: Preliminary Report";

Talk: International Conference on Logic Programming (ICLP), Copenhagen, Denmark; 2002-07-29 - 2002-08-01; in: "Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Logic Programming", P. Stuckey (ed.); Springer Verlag, (2002), ISBN: 3-540-43930-7; 405 - 420.

Nested logic programs have recently been introduced in order to allow for arbitrarily nested formulas in the heads and the bodies of logic program rules under the answer sets semantics. Previous results show that nested logic programs can be transformed into standard (unnested) disjunctive logic programs in an elementary way, applying the negation-as-failure operator to body literals only. This is of great practical relevance since it allows us to evaluate nested logic programs by means of off-the-shelf disjunctive logic programming systems, like DLV. However, it turns out that this straightforward transformation results in an exponential blow-up in the worst-case, despite the fact that complexity results indicate that there is a polynomial translation among both formalisms. In this paper, we take up this challenge and provide a polynomial translation of logic programs with nested expressions into disjunctive logic programs. Moreover, we show that this translation is modular and (strongly) faithful. We have implemented both the straightforward as well as our advanced transformation; the resulting compiler serves as a front-end to DLV and is publicly available on the Web.

http://www.kr.tuwien.ac.at/staff/stefan/iclp02.ps.gz

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