H.B. Li, G.M. Han, H.A. Mang, P. Torzicky:
"A New Method for the Coupling of Finite-Element and Boundary-Element Discretized Subdomains of Elastic Bodies";
Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 54 (1986), 2; S. 161 - 185.
A new and efficient approach for the coupling of subregions of elastic solids discretized by means of finite elements (FE) and boundary elements (BE), respectively, is presented. The method is characterized by so-called 'bi-condensation' of nodal degrees of freedom followed by the transformation of the resulting BEM-related traction-displacement equations for the interface(s) of the BE subregion(s) and the FE subdomain(s) to 'FEM-like' force-displacement relations which are assembled with the FEM-related force-displacement equations for the interface(s). The presented 'local FE coupling approach' is computationally more economic than a global coupling approach since it only requires the inversion of BEM-related coefficient matrices referred to the interfaces of BE subregions and FE subdomains. Depending on whether the principle of virtual displacements ot the principle of minimum of potential energy is used for the generation of force-displacement equations for the coupling interface(s), unsymmetric or symmetric coefficient matrices are obtained. Since the two principles are mechanically equivalent, identical results would be achieved in the limit of finite discretizations.
The numerical investigation has shown that, depending on the problem and the discretization, the results obtained on the basis of symmetric coefficient matrices may be poor. This applies to 'edge problems' characterized by discontinuous tractions along the edges. On the basis of unsymmetric coefficient matrices, however, satisfactory results are obtained even for relatively coarse discretizations.