D. Liti, J. Munguti, N. Kreuzinger, H. Kummer:
"Effects of sodium chloride on water quality and growth of Oreochromis niloticus in earthen ponds";
African Journal of Ecology,
A 2◊2 factorial experiment was conducted between April and August 2001 to evaluate the effects of NaCl on Oreochromis niloticus growth and water quality in twelve 0.015 ha limed ponds. The design involved fertilizer and salt as factors with two treatments for each factor. Each salt-fertilizer combination was replicated three times and fish were not offered external food during the 98 days culture. Growth of O. niloticus was significantly enhanced by salt at higher fertilizer level but not at the lower fertilization level. Although salt had no direct effect on fish growth, a significant salt-fertilizer interaction was demonstrated. Water quality variables, with a few exceptions, were similar among the salted treatments. Total ammonia increased significantly with fertilization level, but the values were similar in salted and unsalted treatments at the same fertilizer level. Total nitrogen was higher in the salted than unsalted treatments while the organic matter content was lower in the salted treatments. The reasons for the better growth of O. niloticus, are discussed with respect to water quality variables. The present results suggest that fertilization rates of 20 kg N ha−1 may have negative effects on fish growth. However, presence of sodium chloride seems to reduce these negative effects.
Oreochromis niloticus; semi-intensive; soda lakes; sodium chloride
Erstellt aus der Publikationsdatenbank der Technischen Universitšt Wien.