Publications in Scientific Journals:
A. Woesz, M. Rumpler, J. Stampfl, F. Varga, N. Fratzl-Zelman, P. Roschger, P. Fratzl, K. Klaushofer:
"Towards bone replacement materials from calcium phosphates via rapid prototyping and ceramic gelcasting";
Materials Science & Engineering C - Biomimetic and Supramolecular Systems,
Biomimetic porous scaffolds made of calcium phosphate mineral are promising structures to develop bone replacement materials. In order to fabricate scaffolds with a strut size of 450 Ám, we used a microstereolithographic technique which selectively polymerises photosensitive liquid resin by visible light to produce casting moulds for ceramic gelcasting. These moulds were filled with a water based thermosetting ceramic slurry which solidifies inside the mould. After burning the resin mould and sintering, hydroxylapatite structures with designed, fully interconnected macro porosity were obtained.
These structures were investigated in cell culture experiments. The preosteoblastic cell line MC3T3-E1, derived from mouse calvariae, was seeded on the scaffolds immersed in the culture medium. After a culture period of two weeks, the scaffolds were investigated by histological methods. The osteoblast like cells were found to cover the whole external and internal surface of the scaffold, they were embedded in extra cellular matrix consisting of collagen. The cells had in particular the tendency to fill any crack or opening and to generally smooth the exposed surfaces.
Electronic version of the publication:
Created from the Publication Database of the Vienna University of Technology.