C. O´Connor, G. Fitzpatrick:
"Making Video Mundane: Intellectual Disability and the Use of Camcorders";
Personal and Ubiquitous Computing, Vol 14 (2010), S. 197 - 208.

Kurzfassung englisch:
Models of disability assume that impairments
have only a limiting effect on technology usage. Drawing
upon the results of a year-long participant observation
study of the use of camcorders by six severely intellectu-
ally disabled adults, we argue that intellectual disability
(ID) affects the domestication of technology in a more
complex and interwoven fashion. The observed group of
ID adults attended a weekly 2-h session, organised by a
local day centre, in which they would make videos at local
locations. There were two main aspects of appropriation in
this context. One is the role of the support worker (SW) in
mediating many of their interactions due to accessibility
problems with the camcorder. While these interventions by
the SW allowed them to use the camcorder, they also
slowed their interactions with it making them less direct.
SW also guided and constrained their early encounters with
the camcorders, strongly influencing the environment of
appropriation. The second aspect is the way the group
transformed the camcorder into two tools during the course
of the study: an `artistic´ tool for visual exploration, and a
`social´ tool that participated in the group´s social activi-
ties. These appropriations are very different to anything
reported in the literature on mainstream camcorder use.
While technologists typically model disability as a set of
functional limitations, we would argue for broader models
that consider the wider social and support aspects of ID,
recognising the different ways in which they may choose to
make a technology mundane for them.

Video, Intellectual disability, Mundane technology, Video cameras, Case study, Domestication, ethnography, disability, assisstive technology

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