O. Bercaru, M. Ricci, F. Ulberth, C. Brunori, R. Morabito, I. Ipolyi, A. Sahuquillo, E. Rosenberg, T. Simonart:
"Challenges in the preparation of water matrix reference materials for PAHs and pesticides: examples from the SWIFT-WFD proficiency testing schemes";
TrAC - Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 28 (2009), S. 1073 - 1081.

Kurzfassung englisch:
In accordance with Article 8 of the European Union (EU) Water Framework Directive (WFD), EU Member States are required to establish monitoring programs for the quality of the surface water and the groundwater within each river-basin district. As such data are the basis for regulatory decisions and measures required to achieve WFD environmental objectives, appropriate analytical quality-assurance and quality-control tools have to be implemented by the monitoring laboratories. In this respect, reference materials (RMs) play a key role. Within the framework of the SWIFT-WFD project (Screening methods for Water data InFormation in support of the WFD), several approaches to the preparation of matrix RMs for the analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and pesticides in water have been used in wide-scale proficiency-testing (PT) schemes. We present the different strategies employed in preparing water-matrix RMs for organic analytes. By reviewing the results from the SWIFT-WFD PT schemes, we reflect on the applicability and the suitability of the different approaches.

Laboratory intercomparison; Organic compound; Pesticide; Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH); Proficiency testing (PT); Quality assurance (QA); Quality control (QC); Reference material (RM); Water analysis; Water Framework Directive (WFD)

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