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Zeitschriftenartikel:

I. Gebeshuber, B. Majlis, H. Stachelberger:
"Tribology in biology: Biomimetic studies across dimensions and across fields";
International Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, 4 (2009), 3; S. 321 - 327.



Kurzfassung englisch:
Biomimetics is a field that has the potential to drive major technical advances. It might substantially support successful mastering of current tribological challenges, i.e., friction, adhesion and wear in machines and devices from the meter to the nanometer scale. Science currently goes through a major change, with biology gaining increasing importance. Indeed, biology is becoming the new Leitwissenschaft.
Tribology is omnipresent in biology. Various examples for biological tribosystems across dimensions are introduced to the reader, exemplifying the hierarchical nature of
biomaterials, and concepts such as integration instead of additive construction, optimization of the whole instead of maximization of a single component feature, multifunctionality instead of mono-functionality and development via trial-and-error processes. The current state of biomimetics in tribology is reviewed, and possible biomimetic scenarios to overcome current tribological challenges are suggested (switchable adhesives, micromechanic devices, novel lubricants and adhesives).

Erstellt aus der Publikationsdatenbank der Technischen Universitšt Wien.