Publications in Scientific Journals:
S. Carlip, D. Grumiller:
"Lower bound on the spectral dimension near a black hole";
Physical Review D,
We consider an evaporating Schwarzschild black hole in a framework in which the spectral dimension of spacetime varies continuously from four at large distances to a number smaller than three at small distances, as suggested by various approaches to quantum gravity. We demonstrate that the evaporation stops when the horizon radius reaches a scale at which spacetime becomes effectively 3-dimensional, and argue that an observer remaining outside the horizon cannot probe the properties of the black hole at smaller scales. This result is universal in the sense that it does not depend on the details of the effective dimension as a function of the diffusion time. Observers falling into the black hole can resolve smaller scales, as can external observers in the presence of a cosmological constant. Even in these cases, though, we obtain an absolute bound D>2 on the effective dimension that can be seen in any such attempt to measure the properties of the black hole.
Black holes, spectral dimension, fractal dimension, dynamical triangulations
"Official" electronic version of the publication (accessed through its Digital Object Identifier - DOI)
Project Head Daniel Grumiller:
Schwarze Löcher in AdS, dem Universum und analogen Systemen
Created from the Publication Database of the Vienna University of Technology.