T. Berger, M. Hajek, P. Bilski, C. Körner, F. Vanhavere, G. Reitz:
"Cosmic radiation exposure of biological test systems during the EXPOSE-E mission";
In the frame of the EXPOSE-E mission on the Columbus external payload facility EuTEF on board the International Space Station, passive thermoluminescence dosimeters were applied to measure the radiation exposure of biological samples. The detectors were located either as stacks next to biological specimens to determine the depth dose distribution or beneath the sample carriers to determine the dose levels for maximum shielding. The maximum mission dose measured in the upper layer of the depth dose part of the experiment amounted to 238 ± 10 mGy, which relates to an average dose rate of 408 ± 16 µGy/d. In these stacks of about 8 mm height, the dose decreased by 5-12% with depth. The maximum dose measured beneath the sample carriers was 215 ± 16 mGy, which amounts to an average dose rate of 368 ± 27 µGy/d. These values are close to those assessed for the interior of the Columbus module and demonstrate the high shielding of the biological experiments within the EXPOSE-E facility. Besides the shielding by the EXPOSE-E hardware itself, additional shielding was experienced by the external structures adjacent to EXPOSE-E, such as EuTEF and Columbus. This led to a dose gradient over the entire exposure area, from 215 ± 16 mGy for the lowest to 121 ± 6 mGy for maximum shielding. Hence, the doses perceived by the biological samples inside EXPOSE-E varied by 70% (from lowest to highest dose). As a consequence of the high shielding, the biological samples were predominantly exposed to galactic cosmic heavy ions, while electrons and a significant fraction of protons of the radiation belts and solar wind did not reach the samples.
Space radiation; Dosimetry; Passive radiation detectors; Thermoluminescence; EXPOSE-E
"Offizielle" elektronische Version der Publikation (entsprechend ihrem Digital Object Identifier - DOI)
Elektronische Version der Publikation:
Projektleitung Michael Hajek:
Kartierung der Strahlendosis an Bord von Columbus
Erstellt aus der Publikationsdatenbank der Technischen Universität Wien.