S. Penner, M. Stöger-Pollach, R. Thalinger:
"Metal-Support Interaction in Pt/VOx and Pd/VOx Systems: A Comparative (HR)TEM Study";
The manifestations of strong and reactive metal-support interaction after reduction at elevated temperatures in Pt/V2O3 and Pd/V2O3 systems were studied using a dedicated thin film model system. Pt and Pd particles were prepared by electron-beam evaporation on NaCl(001) growth templates and subsequently embedded in a crystalline V2O3 matrix, prepared by thermal evaporation of V metal in 10−4 mbar oxygen pressure. Template temperatures of 600 K were used to induce the formation of epitaxially-ordered metal-oxide systems. Engineering of the metal-support interface by distinct annealing treatments allows steering the extent and quality of metal-support interaction. Whereas for Pt/V2O3 catalysts, high-temperature reduction at 773 K in hydrogen causes the epitaxial formation of a well-ordered body-centered tetragonal Pt3V intermetallic phase, the Pd/V2O3 system is mostly unaffected by similar treatments and remains in a metal-oxide state. Nevertheless, oxidation at 773 K of both catalysts prior to the hydrogen treatments lifts the epitaxial relation between metal and oxide and in turn, subsequent reduction at high-temperatures (T ≥ 773 K) yields only polycrystalline Pt3V and Pd3V intermetallic phases without particular ordering with respect to the former growth substrate. Along with this formation of intermetallic phases goes a transformation of the support stoichiometry from V2O3 to VO. Catalyst regeneration by partial oxidative decomposition of the intermetallic state is only possible at high-temperatures (T ≥ 750 K), yielding mostly metal particles and vanadium oxides with oxygen contents higher than V:O = 1:2, in particular V3O7.
Pt3V Pd3V Epitaxy High-temperature reduction SMSI Catalyst regeneration Intermetallic compounds
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