M. Kubicek, G. M. Rupp, S. Huber, A. Penn, A.K. Opitz, J. Bernardi, M. Stöger-Pollach, H. Hutter, J. Fleig:
"Cation diffusion in La0.6Sr0.4CoO3−δ below 800 °C and its relevance for Sr segregation";
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 16 (2014), 6; S. 2715 - 2726.

Kurzfassung englisch:
Cation diffusion was investigated in La0.6Sr0.4CoO3-δ (LSC) thin films on (100) yttria stabilized zirconia in the temperature range 625-800 °C. Isotopic ((86)Sr) and elemental tracers (Fe, Sm) were used to establish diffusion profiles of the cations in bi- and multi-layered thin films. The profiles were analyzed by time of flight-secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS). Grain and grain boundary diffusion coefficients of the cations were determined for LSC thin films with columnar grains - diffusion along grain boundaries is shown to be about three orders of magnitude faster than in grains. This could be verified for thin films with different grain size. A- and B-site cations showed very similar temperature dependencies with activation energies of ∼3.5 eV for bulk and ∼4.1 eV for grain boundary diffusion. The importance of cation diffusivities for surface segregation of Sr and thus for a major degradation mechanism of LSC cathodes in solid oxide fuel cells is discussed.

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