Publications in Scientific Journals:
H. Truong, S. Dustdar, K. Bhattacharya:
"Conceptualizing and Programming Hybrid Services in the Cloud";
International Journal of Cooperative Information Systems,
For solving complex problems, in many cases, software alone might not be sufficient and we need hybrid systems of software and humans in which humans not only direct the software performance but also perform computing and vice versa. Therefore, we advocate constructing "social computers" which combine software and human services. However,
to date, human capabilities cannot be easily programmed into complex applications in a similar way like software capabilities. There is a lack of techniques to conceptualize and program human and software capabilities in a unified way. In this paper, we explore a new way to virtualize, provision and program human capabilities using cloud computing concepts and service delivery models. We propose novel methods for conceptualizing and modeling clouds of human-based services (HBS) and combine HBS with software-based services (SBS) to establish clouds of hybrid services. In our model, we present common
APIs, similar to well-developed APIs for software services, to access individual and team-based compute units in clouds of HBS. Based on that, we propose a framework for utilizing SBS and HBS to solve complex problems. We present several programming primitives for hybrid services, also covering forming hybrid solutions consisting of software and humans. We illustrate our concepts via some examples of using our cloud APIs and existing cloud APIs for software.
Hybrid services; cloud computing; human-based computation; service computing.
"Official" electronic version of the publication (accessed through its Digital Object Identifier - DOI)
Created from the Publication Database of the Vienna University of Technology.