Publications in Scientific Journals:
John Tzou, N. Artner, I. Pona, A. Hold, E. Placheta, W. Kropatsch, M. Frey:
"Comparison of three-dimensional surface-imaging systems";
Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery,
Background: In recent decades, three-dimensional (3D) surface-imaging technologies
have gained popularity worldwide, but because most published articles that mention them
are technical, clinicians often have difficulties gaining a proper understanding of them. This
article aims to provide the reader with relevant information on 3D surface-imaging systems.
In it, we compare the most recent technologies to reveal their differences.
Methods: We have accessed five international companies with the latest technologies in 3D
surface-imaging systems: 3dMD, Axisthree, Canfield, Crisalix and Dimensional Imaging (Di3D;
in alphabetical order). We evaluated their technical equipment, independent validation
studies and corporate backgrounds.
Results: The fastest capturing devices are the 3dMD and Di3D systems, capable of capturing
images within 1.5 and 1 ms, respectively. All companies provide software for tissue modifications.
Additionally, 3dMD, Canfield and Di3D can fuse computed tomography (CT)/cone-beam
computed tomography (CBCT) images into their 3D surface-imaging data. 3dMD and Di3D provide
4D capture systems, which allow capturing the movement of a 3D surface over time. Crisalix
greatly differs from the other four systems as it is purely web based and realised via cloud
Conclusion: 3D surface-imaging systems are becoming important in today´s plastic surgical setups,
taking surgeons to a new level of communication with patients, surgical planning and
outcome evaluation. Technologies used in 3D surface-imaging systems and their intended field
3D surface-imaging; Three-dimensional; Facial analysis; Stereophotogrammetry; Structured light; 3dMD; Axisthree; Canfield; Crisalix; Di3d; 3D photography; Soft-tissue simulation Since the first report of co
"Official" electronic version of the publication (accessed through its Digital Object Identifier - DOI)
Created from the Publication Database of the Vienna University of Technology.