Publications in Scientific Journals:

P. Lanzendorfer, D. Borgmann, G. Schütz, S. Winkler, O. Höglinger, J. Weghuber:
"Quantification and Kinetic Analysis of Grb2-EGFR Interaction on Micro-Patterned Surfaces for the Characterization of EGFR-Modulating Substances";
PLoS ONE, 9 (2014), 3; e921511 - e9215110.

English abstract:
The identification of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) as an oncogene has led to the development of several
anticancer therapeutics directed against this receptor tyrosine kinase. However, drug resistance and low efficacy remain a
severe challenge, and have led to a demand for novel systems for an efficient identification and characterization of new
substances. Here we report on a technique which combines micro-patterned surfaces and total internal reflection
fluorescence (TIRF) microscopy (m-patterning assay) for the quantitative analysis of EGFR activity. It does not simply measure
the phosphorylation of the receptor, but instead quantifies the interaction of the key signal transmitting protein Grb2
(growth factor receptor-bound protein 2) with the EGFR in a live cell context. It was possible to demonstrate an EGF
dependent recruitment of Grb2 to the EGFR, which was significantly inhibited in the presence of clinically tested EGFR
inhibitors, including small tyrosine kinase inhibitors and monoclonal antibodies targeting the EGF binding site. Importantly,
in addition to its potential use as a screening tool, our experimental setup offers the possibility to provide insight into the
molecular mechanisms of bait-prey interaction. Recruitment of the EGFR together with Grb2 to clathrin coated pits (CCPs)
was found to be a key feature in our assay. Application of bleaching experiments enabled calculation of the Grb2 exchange
rate, which significantly changed upon stimulation or the presence of EGFR activity inhibiting drugs.

Created from the Publication Database of the Vienna University of Technology.