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Publications in Scientific Journals:

S. Häuplik-Meusburger, P. Petrova, S. Evetts, C. Sivanesan, G. Grömer:
"Deployable and Portable Emergency Shelter for Mars";
accepted for publication in Acta Astronautica.



English abstract:
The Mars surface infrastructure as anticipated for future human missions will probably
include habitation, rover and other support facilities. With regards to potential EVA / science activities
to be performed on Mars and related safety issues, we propose an additional crew support element: A
portable and deployable shelter which can be employed in the event of an emergency requiring
immediate action and where return to the base / rover is not possible without undue risk.
Following the study of possible emergency scenarios and the definition of design criteria, a series of
preliminary designs for an emergency shelter have been developed within an academic design studio.
A 1:1 prototype was built and tested during the Morocco Mars Analog Field Simulation in February
2013 as part of an operational evaluation of this deployable and portable multipurpose shelter.
On-Site, in Morocco the operability (deployment and retraction), the durability (multiple
deployments), functionality (human-equipment-shelter) and adaptability (functional usability) were
tested by analogue astronauts. Additional issues that were explored and evaluated included spatial
usability, ergonomic suitability to actions and individual perception of comfort in relation to the
required activities.
This paper introduces potential emergency scenarios and the design criteria for an emergency shelter.
Furthermore, selected design concepts will be introduced and the current prototype will be presented,
concluding with lessons learned and updated design requirements.

German abstract:
The Mars surface infrastructure as anticipated for future human missions will probably
include habitation, rover and other support facilities. With regards to potential EVA / science activities
to be performed on Mars and related safety issues, we propose an additional crew support element: A
portable and deployable shelter which can be employed in the event of an emergency requiring
immediate action and where return to the base / rover is not possible without undue risk.
Following the study of possible emergency scenarios and the definition of design criteria, a series of
preliminary designs for an emergency shelter have been developed within an academic design studio.
A 1:1 prototype was built and tested during the Morocco Mars Analog Field Simulation in February
2013 as part of an operational evaluation of this deployable and portable multipurpose shelter.
On-Site, in Morocco the operability (deployment and retraction), the durability (multiple
deployments), functionality (human-equipment-shelter) and adaptability (functional usability) were
tested by analogue astronauts. Additional issues that were explored and evaluated included spatial
usability, ergonomic suitability to actions and individual perception of comfort in relation to the
required activities.
This paper introduces potential emergency scenarios and the design criteria for an emergency shelter.
Furthermore, selected design concepts will be introduced and the current prototype will be presented,
concluding with lessons learned and updated design requirements.

Keywords:
Mars; Human Exploration; Space Architecture; Deployable Shelter; Contingency Situations

Created from the Publication Database of the Vienna University of Technology.