M. Ikeda, P. Tomes, L. Prochaska, J. Eilertsen, S. Populoh, S. Löffler, R. Svagera, M. Waas, H. Sassik, A. Weidenkaff, S. Paschen:
"Multiband Transport in CoSb3 Prepared by Rapid Solidification";
Zeitschrift für Anorganische und Allgemeine Chemie,
Nano-grained CoSb3 was prepared by melt-spinning and subsequent spark plasma sintering. The phonon thermal conductivity of skutterudites is known to be sensitive to the kind and the amount of guest atoms. Thus, unfilled CoSb3 can serve as model compound to study the impact of a nanostructure on the thermoelectric properties, especially the phonon thermal conductivity. Therefore, a series of materials was prepared differing only by the cooling speed during the quenching procedure. In contrast to clathrates, the microstructure of meltspun CoSb3 was found to be sensitive to the cooling speed. Although the phonon thermal conductivity, studied by means of Flash and 3ω measurements, was found to be correlated with the grain size, the bulk density of the sintered materials had an even stronger impact. Interestingly, the reduced bulk density did not result in an increased electrical resistivity. The influence of Sb and CoSb2 as foreign phase on the electronic properties of CoSb3 was revealed by a multi-band Hall effect analysis. While CoSb2 increases the charge carrier density, the influence of the highly mobile charge carriers introduced by elemental Sb on the thermoelectric properties of the composite offer an interesting perspective for the preparation of efficient thermoelectric composite materials.
Skutterudite; Multiband; Melt-spinning
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