Talks and Poster Presentations (with Proceedings-Entry):

J. Stampfl, P. Dorfinger, R. Gmeiner, R. Liska:
"Materials development for lithography-based 3D-printing";
Talk: Makromolekulares Kolloquium, Freiburg; 02-24-2016 - 02-26-2016; in: "Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics", Wiley-VCH, 2 (2016), 90.

English abstract:
Lithography-based additive manufacturing technology (L-AMT) is a layered manufacturing approach where liquid photopolymerizable resins, which contain a photoinitiator, are solidified with ultraviolet or visible light. The advantage of the L-AMT (e.g. stereolithography) versus other AMT is the excellent precision and the high achievable feature resolution. Therefore, this method provides a smoother surface finish and higher precision than other AMT. With the L-AMT systems used for this work, resolutions of 25 m are achievable.

The disadvantages of this printing technology are the currently insufficient mechanical properties of the final parts. In this talk results on materials development for two classes of materials are presented: Oxide ceramics and thermoplast-like photopolymers.

In the case of 3D-printed ceramics the goal is to achieve fully dense parts with no interlaminar defects and high mechanical strength. Using photopolymerizable slurries with high solid loading (~50vol%) ceramic green parts can be printed. Using an optimized thermal processing cycle ceramic parts (alumina, tricalcium phosphate, bioglass, ..) with excellent mechanical properties can be obtained.

Highly crosslinked photopolymers are typically quite brittle and in many cases not suitable for load-bearing applications. Further, due to the low glass transition temperature (Tg) of existing AM-materials the heat deflection temperature is not high enough in many instances. Currently there is a big gap between industrially used thermoplastics and additive manufacturing (AM) materials which can be photopolymerized. If 3D-printed, photopolymerized parts, with their excellent surface quality and precision, are able to close this gap to thermoplastic polymers a substantial number of new fields of applications can be targeted.

In this work high-molecular-weight (meth)acrylate-based resins are investigated regarding their mechanical properties (toughness, strength and Young`s modulus). The goal is to mimic the thermo-mechanical properties of engineering polymers like ABS and polypropylene. The main components of the resin are mono- and difunctional acrylate oligomers, leading to a polymer network with relatively low crosslinking density and strong intermolecular forces. These monomers or oligomers should have a quite high Tg. This high base Tg. allows the incorporation of Tg.-lowering toughening agents like core-shell particles (CSP).

Created from the Publication Database of the Vienna University of Technology.