Publications in Scientific Journals:

V. Moraes, H. Riedl, R. Rachbauer, S. Kolozsvari, M. Ikeda, L. Prochaska, S. Paschen, P.H. Mayrhofer:
"Thermal conductivity and mechanical properties of AlN-based thin films";
Journal of Applied Physics, 119 (2016), 225304-1 - 225304-10.

English abstract:
While many research activities concentrate on mechanical properties and thermal stabilities of protective thin films, only little is known about their thermal properties being essential for the thermal management in various industrial applications. Based on the 3x-method, we show the influence of Al and Cr on the temperature dependent thermal conductivity of single-phase cubic structured TiN and single-phase wurtzite structured AlN thin films, respectively, and compare them with the results obtained for CrN thin films. The dc sputtered AlN thin films revealed a highly c-axis oriented growth for deposition temperatures of 250 to 700 􀀀C. Their thermal conductivity was found to increase strongly with the film thickness, indicating progressing crystallization of the interface near amorphous regions during the sputtering process. For the 940 nm AlN film, we found a lower boundary for the thermal conductivity of 55:3Wm􀀁1 K􀀁1. By the substitution of only 10 at. % Al with Cr, j significantly reduces to 􀀂5:0Wm􀀁1 K􀀁1, although the single-phase wurtzite structure is maintained. The single-phase face centered cubic TiN and Ti0.36Al0.64N thin films exhibit j values of 3:1Wm􀀁1 K􀀁1 and 2:5Wm􀀁1 K􀀁1, respectively, at room temperature. Hence, also here, the sub-stitutional alloying reduces the thermal conductivity, although at a significantly lower level. Single-phase face centered cubic CrN thin films show j values of 3:6Wm􀀁1 K􀀁1. For all nitride based thin films investigated, the thermal conductivity slightly increases with increasing temperature between 200 and 330 K. This rather unusual behavior is based on the high defect density (especially point defects) within the thin films prepared by physical vapor deposition.

"Official" electronic version of the publication (accessed through its Digital Object Identifier - DOI)

Electronic version of the publication:

Related Projects:
Project Head Paul Heinz Mayrhofer:
Christian Doppler Labors für anwendungsorientierte Schichtentwicklung

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