Publications in Scientific Journals:
K. Hölzl, S. Lin, L. Tytgat, S. Van Vlierberghe, L. Gu, A. Ovsianikov:
"Bioink properties before, during and after 3D bioprinting";
Bioprinting is a process based on additive manufacturing from materials containing living cells. These
materials, often referred to as bioink, are based on cytocompatible hydrogel precursor formulations,
which gel in a manner compatible with different bioprinting approaches. The bioink properties
before, during and after gelation are essential for its printability, comprising such features as
achievable structural resolution, shape fidelity and cell survival. However, it is the final properties of
the matured bioprinted tissue construct that are crucial for the end application. During tissue
formation these properties are influenced by the amount of cells present in the construct, their
proliferation, migration and interaction with the material. A calibrated computational framework is
able to predict the tissue development and maturation and to optimize the bioprinting input
parameters such as the starting material, the initial cell loading and the construct geometry. In this
contribution relevant bioink properties are reviewed and discussed on the example of most popular
bioprinting approaches. The effect of cells on hydrogel processing and vice versa is highlighted.
Furthermore, numerical approaches were reviewed and implemented for depicting the cellular
mechanics within the hydrogel as well as for prediction of mechanical properties to achieve the desired
hydrogel construct considering cell density, distribution and material-cell interaction.
tissue engineering, bioprinting, hydrogels, scaffolds, numerical modeling, bioink, 3D printing
"Official" electronic version of the publication (accessed through its Digital Object Identifier - DOI)
Electronic version of the publication:
Created from the Publication Database of the Vienna University of Technology.