G. Alberti, H. Bölcskei, D. Camillo, G. Koliander,E. Riegler:

"Lossless linear analog compression";

Talk: IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory (ISIT), Barcelona; 07-10-2016 - 07-15-2016; in: "Proceedings 2016 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory (ISIT)", (2016), 2789 - 2793.

We establish the fundamental limits of lossless linear analog compression by considering the recovery of random vectors x ∈ ℝm from the noiseless linear measurements y = Ax with measurement matrix A ∈ ℝn×m. Specifically, for a random vector x ∈ ℝm of arbitrary distribution we show that x can be recovered with zero error probability from n > inf dimMB(U) linear measurements, where dimMB(·) denotes the lower modified Minkowski dimension and the infimum is over all sets U ⊆ ℝm with P[x ∈ U] = 1. This achievability statement holds for Lebesgue almost all measurement matrices A. We then show that s-rectifiable random vectors-a stochastic generalization of s-sparse vectors-can be recovered with zero error probability from n > s linear measurements. From classical compressed sensing theory we would expect n ≥ s to be necessary for successful recovery of x. Surprisingly, certain classes of s-rectifiable random vectors can be recovered from fewer than s measurements. Imposing an additional regularity condition on the distribution of s-rectifiable random vectors x, we do get the expected converse result of s measurements being necessary. The resulting class of random vectors appears to be new and will be referred to as s-analytic random vectors.

Compressed sensing

http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ISIT.2016.7541807

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