S. Hossein-Zadegan, W. Nischkauer, K. Schröder, A. Limbeck:
"Bioparticles coated with an ionic liquid for the preconcentration of rare earth elements from microwave-digested tea samples and the subsequent quantification by ETV-ICP-OES";
An analytical procedure for straight-forward quantification of rare earth elements (REEs) in tea was developed. The method consists of three steps: first, dry tea powder is converted into an aqueous sample solution using a microwave-assisted digestion procedure. Then, the REEs are retained on newly designed sorbent particles and are thus effectively extracted from the sample digest. Then, the REE loaded sorbent material is introduced into the furnace of an electro-thermal vaporization (ETV) unit. There, the core of the particles is pyrolyzed and removed in a first temperature step. Then, the REE analytes are swiftly evaporated at high temperatures, and subsequently analyzed by ICP-OES. The advantages of the method proposed here are as follows: extraction of REEs is accomplished via "dispersed particle extraction"; this avoids typical shortcomings of conventional solid-phase extraction. The analysis via ETV allows separation of the sorbent particles from the analytes in time. Thus, detrimental effects of plasma-loading are circumvented. The method was shown to provide satisfactory detection limits of typically 50 ng g-1 in the dry tea samples (3 s criterion). The method was validated by means of spike recovery experiments, and applied to the analysis of ten different tea samples from China, Japan and India, as sold in European markets.
ICP-OES, ETV, dispersed particle extraction, ionic liquids, rare earth elements
"Offizielle" elektronische Version der Publikation (entsprechend ihrem Digital Object Identifier - DOI)
Erstellt aus der Publikationsdatenbank der Technischen Universitšt Wien.