M. Drmota, A. Magner, W. Szpankowski:

"Asymmetric Renyi Problem and PATRICIA tries";

in: "Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on Probabilistic, Combinatorial and Asymptotic Methods for the Analysis of Algorithms", R. Neininger, M. Zaionc (Hrg.); AofA, Krakow, Polen, 2016.

In 1960, R'enyi asked for the number of random queries necessary to recover a hidden bijective labeling of n distinct objects. In each query one selects a random subset of labels and asks, what is the set of objects that have these labels? We consider here an asymmetric version of the problem in which in every query an object is chosen with probability p > 1/2 and we ignore "inconclusive" queries. We study the number of queries needed to recover the labeling in its entirety (the height), to recover at least one single element (the fillup level), and to recover a randomly chosen element (the typical depth). This problem exhibits several remarkable behaviors: the depth D_n converges in probability but not almost surely and while it satisfies the central limit theorem its local limit theorem doesn't hold; the height H_n and the fillup level F_n exhibit phase transitions with respect to p in the second term. To obtain these results, we take a unified approach via the analysis of the external profile, defined at level k as the number of elements recovered by the kth query. We first establish new precise asymptotic results for the average and variance, and a central limit law, for the external profile in the regime where it grows polynomially with n. We then extend the external profile results to the boundaries of the central region, leading to the solution of our problem for the height and fillup level. As a bonus, our analysis implies novel results for analogous parameters of random PATRICIA tries.

Rényi problem, PATRICIA trie, profile, Height, Fillup level, Analytic Combinatorics, Mellin transform, Depoissonization

https://publik.tuwien.ac.at/files/publik_256010.pdf

Erstellt aus der Publikationsdatenbank der Technischen Universität Wien.