Publications in Scientific Journals:
B Kim, S. Khmelevskyi, I.I. Mazin, D. Agterberg, C. Franchini:
"Anisotropy of magnetic interactions and symmetry of the order parameter in unconventional superconductor Sr2RuO4";
npj Quantum Materials,
Sr2RuO4 is the best candidate for spin-triplet superconductivity, an unusual and elusive superconducting state of fundamental
importance. In the last three decades, Sr2RuO4 has been very carefully studied and despite its apparent simplicity when compared with
strongly correlated high-Tc cuprates, for which the pairing symmetry is understood, there is no scenario that can explain all the major
experimental observations, a conundrum that has generated tremendous interest. Here, we present a density-functional-based analysis
of magnetic interactions in Sr2RuO4 and discuss the role of magnetic anisotropy in its unconventional superconductivity. Our goal is
twofold. First, we access the possibility of the superconducting order parameter rotation in an external magnetic field of 200 Oe, and
conclude that the spin-orbit interaction in this material is several orders of magnitude too strong to be consistent with this hypothesis.
Thus, the observed invariance of the Knight shift across Tc has no plausible explanation, and casts doubt on using the Knight shift as an
ultimate litmus paper for the pairing symmetry. Second, we propose a quantitative double-exchange-like model for combining itinerant
fermions with an anisotropic Heisenberg magnetic Hamiltonian. This model is complementary to the Hubbard-model-based calculations
published so far, and forms an alternative framework for exploring superconducting symmetry in Sr2RuO4. As an example, we use this
model to analyze the degeneracy between various p-triplet states in the simplest mean-field approximation, and show that it splits into a
single and two doublets with the ground state defined by the competition between the "Ising" and "compass" anisotropic terms.
"Official" electronic version of the publication (accessed through its Digital Object Identifier - DOI)
Created from the Publication Database of the Vienna University of Technology.