Talks and Poster Presentations (with Proceedings-Entry):
E. Zerobin, M. Tromayer, P. Gruber, M. Markovic, S. Baudis, J. Stampfl, A. Ovsianikov, R. Liska:
"Newly Developed Hydrogel Precursors and Two-Photon Initiators Based on Hyaluronic Acid";
Talk: AMBA 2017, Advanced Materials for Biomedical Applications,
- 09-29-2017; in: "AMBA 2017, Advanced Materials for Biomedical Applications",
Hydrogel matrices made from biopolymers have recently received attention for their application in tissue engineering. Hyaluronic acid (HA), a naturally occurring polysaccharide, widespread in the connective tissue of the human body, can be used to develop a modular system for hydrogel matrices. Different modifications of HA are accessible, where either the primary alcohol of HA is modified with vinyl ester (VE) functioŽnalities to yield in polymerizable HAVE macromers,1 or HA can serve as a macromolecular backbone material for the development of a new two-photon initiator (HAPI).2
MATERIALS AND METHODS
HAVE was synthesized via a transesterification reaction of HA (tetrabutylammonium salt) with divinyl adipate. Photorheological measureŽments were performed in oscillatory mode (ν = 10 Hz, γ = 10%) using filtered UV light (320-500 nm). The synthesis of HAPI was performed via amidation of HA with an amino substituted cyclohexanone based two photon initiator (2PI). Cell encapsulation experiments were performed with a Ti:sapphire laser (λ = 800 nm). Confocal 3D image stacks of the fabricated scaffolds were taken with a Zeiss Axio Observer Z1 and a LSM 700 unit.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
Both systems (HAVE and HAPI) were tested concerning their suitability for live cell encapsulation by two-photon polymerization (Figure 1). HAVE in combination with P2CK as 2PI showed increased biocompatibility compared to state of the art monomers, such as (meth)acrylates. Cellcompatibility was proven not only for HAVE macromers but also for HAPI in combination with methacrylamide modified gelatin (Gel MOD). The covalent attachment of a two photon active molecule onto HA increases the molecular weight of the 2PI and therefore reduces its migration into cell membranes and consequently its cytotoxicity. CONCLUSIONS
Highly resolved hydrogel constructs were fabricated with each modification of HA. An attractive concept was found to combine highly reactive functional groups with natural biopolymers resulting in new biocompatible materials for hydrogel matrices with advanced cell compatibility.
Hydrogel matrices made from biopolymers, tissue engineering, Hyaluronic acid (HA),
Electronic version of the publication:
Created from the Publication Database of the Vienna University of Technology.