G. Kitzler, J. Schöberl:

"A polynomial spectral method for the spatially homogeneous Boltzmann equation in 3 dimensions";

in: "ASC Report 28/2017", issued by: Institute for Analysis and Scientific Computing; Vienna University of Technology, Wien, 2017, ISBN: 978-3-902627-10-0, 1 - 32.

We present a spectral Petrov-Galerkin method for the Boltzmann collision operator. We expand the density distribution f to high order orthogonal polynomials multiplied by a Maxwellian. By that choice, we can approximate on the whole momentum domain R3 resulting in high accuracy at the evaluation of the collision operator. Additionally, the special choice of the test space naturally ensures conservation of mass, momentum and energy. By numerical examples we demonstrate the convergence (w.r.t. time) to the exact stationary solution. For eﬃciency we transfer between nodal and Maxwellian weighted Spherical Harmonics which are orthogonal w.r.t. the innermost integrals of the collision operator. Combined with eﬃcient transformations between the bases and the calculation of the outer integrals this gives an algorithm of complexity O(N7) and a storage requirement O(N4) for the evaluation of the non linear Boltzmann collision operator. The presented method is applicable to a general class of collision kernels, among others including Maxwell molecules, hard and variable hard spheres molecules. Although faster methods are available, we obtain high accuracy even for very low expansion orders.

http://www.asc.tuwien.ac.at/preprint/2017/asc28x2017.pdf

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