Y. Catel, P. Fässler, U. Fischer, C. Gorsche, R. Liska, S. Schörpf, S. Tauscher, N. Moszner:
"Synthesis and polymerization of vinylcyclopropanes bearing urethane groups for the development of low-shrinkage composites";
European Polymer Journal, 98 (2018), 98; S. 439 - 447.

Kurzfassung englisch:
Polymerization shrinkage of methacrylate-based dental composites remains a major concern in restorative
dentistry. Cyclic monomers, such as 1,1-disubstituted 2-vinylcyclopropanes, might represent an interesting alternative
to dimethacrylates in order to reduce shrinkage. In this contribution, the synthesis of seven crosslinking
vinylcyclopropanes bearing urethane groups is described. These monomers were synthesized by esterification of
1-ethoxycarbonyl-2-vinylcyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid with either ethylene glycol or diethylene glycol, followed
by a reaction with selected diisocyanates. In order to evaluate the reactivity of the synthesized vinylcyclopropanes,
their photopolymerization behavior was investigated by photo-differential scanning calorimetry.
Real-time (RT)-NIR-photorheology measurements were performed to evaluate rheological behavior (i.e. time of
gelation, polymerization induced shrinkage force) and chemical conversion (i.e. double bond conversion at the
gel point, final double bond conversion) of the vinylcyclopropanes in situ. Composites based on these monomers
show good to excellent mechanical properties and exhibit low shrinkage. The presence of urethane groups
provides a significant improvement of the mechanical properties. The replacement of methacrylates by urethane
vinylcyclopropanes appears to be a promising approach to develop low-shrinkage dental composites without
sacrificing the mechanical properties.

Dental polymers Photopolymerization Polymerization shrinkage Ring-opening polymerization

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