B. Hametner, M. Schneider, S. Parragh, S. Wassertheurer:
"Computational assessment of model-based wave separation using a database of virtual subjects";
Journal of Biomechanics,
The quantification of arterial wave reflection is an important area of interest in arterial pulse wave analysis. It can be achieved by wave separation analysis (WSA) if both the aortic pressure waveform and the aortic flow waveform are known. For better applicability, several mathematical models have been established to estimate aortic flow solely based on pressure waveforms. The aim of this study is to investigate and verify the model-based wave separation of the ARCSolver method on virtual pulse wave measurements.
The study is based on an open access virtual database generated via simulations. Seven cardiac and arterial parameters were varied within physiological healthy ranges, leading to a total of 3325 virtual healthy subjects. For assessing the model-based ARCSolver method computationally, this method was used to perform WSA based on the aortic root pressure waveforms of the virtual patients. As a reference, the values of WSA using both the pressure and flow waveforms provided by the virtual database were taken.
The investigated parameters showed a good overall agreement between the model-based method and the reference. Mean differences and standard deviations were −0.05 ± 0.02 AU for characteristic impedance, −3.93 ± 1.79 mmHg for forward pressure amplitude, 1.37 ± 1.56 mmHg for backward pressure amplitude and 12.42 ± 4.88% for reflection magnitude.
The results indicate that the mathematical blood flow model of the ARCSolver method is a feasible surrogate for a measured flow waveform and provides a reasonable way to assess arterial wave reflection non-invasively in healthy subjects.
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