Publications in Scientific Journals:
M. Hutterer, M. Schrödl:
"Control of Active Magnetic Bearings in Turbomolecular Pumps for Rotors with Low Resonance Frequencies of the Blade Wheel";
Rotors with high gyroscopic effects and low resonance frequencies caused by the blade
wheel (blade frequencies) can lead to stabilization problems in the application field of turbomolecular
pumps. If such a rotor is stabilized by active magnetic bearings, the control structure could be
destabilized by the splitting up of the rigid body eigen-frequencies caused by the gyroscopic effect.
The control structure of the magnetic bearings can also destabilize the eigen-modes caused by the
blade wheel, if the gain of the control structure is too high in the range of the eigen-frequencies of
the blade wheel. To deal with the problem of the gyroscopic effect, a decoupling and compensation
method was developed based on the inverse dynamics of the rigid body rotor. The gain of the control
structure in the range of the blade frequencies is decreased using a Kalman filter. To increase the
damping of the system, the predicted states of the linear magnetic bearing model using a Kalman
filter are applied instead of the sampled values of the sensors directly. For the decoupled structure,
PID controllers are used for stabilization. The functionality of the control structure is verified by
a measurement of the current and position signal using the Kalman states and the sensor values.
The robustness and performance in the frequency range are verified using the sensitivity and
magnetic bearing; gyroscopic effect; turbomolecular pump; Kalman filter
"Official" electronic version of the publication (accessed through its Digital Object Identifier - DOI)
Electronic version of the publication:
Created from the Publication Database of the Vienna University of Technology.