Publications in Scientific Journals:
F. Kraushofer, Z. Jakub, M. Bichler, J. Hulva, P. Drmota, M. Weinold, M. Schmid, M. Setvin, U. Diebold, P. Blaha, G. Parkinson:
"Atomic-Scale Structure of the Hematite α-Fe2O3(1102) "R-Cut" Surface";
The Journal of Physical Chemistry C,
The α-Fe2O3(1 -1 0 2) surface (also known as the hematite r-cut or (012) surface) was studied using low-energy electron diffraction (LEED), x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS), scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM), non-contact atomic force microscopy (nc-AFM), and ab initio density functional theory (DFT)+U calculations. Two surface structures are stable under ultra-high vacuum (UHV) conditions; a stoichiometric (1 × 1) surface can be prepared by annealing at 450 °C in ~10-6 mbar O2, and a reduced (2 × 1) reconstruction is formed by UHV annealing at 540 °C. The (1 × 1) surface is close to an ideal bulk termination, and the undercoordinated surface Fe atoms reduce the surface bandgap by ~0.2 eV with respect to the bulk. The work function is measured to be 5.7 ± 0.2 eV, and the VBM is located 1.5 ± 0.1 eV below EF. The images obtained from the (2 × 1) reconstruction cannot be reconciled with previously proposed models, and a new "alternating trench" structure is proposed based on an ordered removal of lattice oxygen atoms. DFT+U calculations show that this surface is favoured in reducing conditions, and that fourfold-coordinated Fe2+ cations at the surface introduce gap states approximately 1 eV below EF. The work function on the (2 × 1) termination is 5.4 ± 0.2 eV.
Electronic version of the publication:
Created from the Publication Database of the Vienna University of Technology.