Publications in Scientific Journals:

W. Lauterborn, Ch. Lechner, M. Koch, R. Mettin:
"Bubble models and real bubbles: Rayleigh and energy-deposit cases in a Tait-compressible liquid";
IMA Journal of Applied Mathematics, 83 (2018), 556 - 589.

English abstract:
In analytical and numerical studies on bubbles in liquids often the Rayleigh initial condition
of a spherical bubble at maximum radius is used, the Rayleigh case.
This condition cannot be realized in practice, instead the bubbles need first to be generated
and expanded. The energy-deposit case with its initial condition of a small, spherical bubble
of high internal pressure that expands into water at atmospheric pressure is studied
for comparison with the Rayleigh case. From the many possible configurations a single bubble
near a flat solid boundary is chosen as this is a basic configuration to study erosion and
cleaning phenomena. The bubble contains a small amount of non-condensable gas
obeying an adiabatic law. The water is compressible according to the Tait equation.
The Euler equations in axial symmetry are solved with the help of the open source software
package OpenFOAM, based on the finite volume method.
The volume of fluid method is used for interface capturing.
Rayleigh bubbles of $R_{\rm max} = 500\,\mu$m and energy-deposit bubbles
that reach $R_{\rm max} = 500\,\mu$m after expansion in an unbounded liquid are compared
with respect to microjet velocity, microjet impact pressure and microjet impact times,
when placed or being generated near a flat solid boundary.
Velocity and pressure fields from the impact zone are given to demonstrate
the sequence of phenomena from axial liquid microjet impact via annular gas-jet-
and annular liquid-nanojet formation to the Blake splash and the first torus-bubble splitting.
Normalized distances $D^* = D/R_{\rm max}$ ($D$ = initial distance of the bubble centre
from the boundary) between 1.02 and 1.5 are studied.
Rayleigh bubbles show a stronger collapse
with about 50\% higher microjet impact velocities
and also significantly higher microjet impact pressures.

bubble dynamics; jet formation; Euler equations; volume of fluid method

"Official" electronic version of the publication (accessed through its Digital Object Identifier - DOI)

Created from the Publication Database of the Vienna University of Technology.