Contributions to Proceedings:

R. Konoth, E. Vineti, V. Moonsamy, M. Lindorfer, C. Krügel, H. Bos, G. Vigna:
"MineSweeper: An In-depth Look into Drive-by Cryptocurrency Mining and Its Defense";
in: "Proceedings of the 2018 ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security (CCS)", ACM (ed.); ACM, 2018, ISBN: 978-1-4503-5693-0, 1714 - 1730.

English abstract:
A wave of alternative coins that can be effectively mined without specialized hardware, and a surge in cryptocurrencies´ market value has led to the development of cryptocurrency mining (cryptomining) services, such as Coinhive, which can be easily integrated into websites to monetize the computational power of their visitors. While legitimate website operators are exploring these services as an alternative to advertisements, they have also drawn the attention of cybercriminals: drive-by mining (also known as cryptojacking) is a new web-based attack, in which an infected website secretly executes JavaScript code and/or a WebAssembly module in the user´s browser to mine cryptocurrencies without her consent.
In this paper, we perform a comprehensive analysis on Alexa´s Top 1 Million websites to shed light on the prevalence and profitabil- ity of this attack. We study the websites affected by drive-by mining to understand the techniques being used to evade detection, and the latest web technologies being exploited to efficiently mine cryptocurrency. As a result of our study, which covers 28 Coinhive-like services that are widely being used by drive-by mining websites, we identified 20 active cryptomining campaigns.
Motivated by our findings, we investigate possible countermeasures against this type of attack. We discuss how current blacklisting approaches and heuristics based on CPU usage are insufficient, and present MineSweeper, a novel detection technique that is based on the intrinsic characteristics of cryptomining code, and, thus, is resilient to obfuscation. Our approach could be integrated into browsers to warn users about silent cryptomining when visiting websites that do not ask for their consent.

cryptocurrency; mining; cryptojacking; drive-by attacks; malware

"Official" electronic version of the publication (accessed through its Digital Object Identifier - DOI)

Electronic version of the publication:

Created from the Publication Database of the Vienna University of Technology.