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Publications in Scientific Journals:

J. Buchinger, N. Koutná, Z. Chen, Z. Zhang, P.H. Mayrhofer, D. Holec, M. Bartosik:
"Toughness enhancement in TiN/WN superlattice thin films";
Acta Materialia, 172 (2019), 18 - 29.



English abstract:
Transition metal nitride thin films traditionally possess a low intrinsic fracture toughness. Motivated by the recently discovered fracture toughness enhancing superlattice (SL) effect, as well as the remarkably high potential for toughness predicted by theoretical studies for TiN/WN superlattices, we synthesise a series of these materials by DC reactive magnetron sputtering. The SL coatings demonstrate a vacancy-stabilised cubic configuration throughout, as well as a marginal lattice mismatch between the TiN and WN layers. All investigated mechanical properties produced a distinct dependence on the bilayer period, featuring a hardness peak of 36.7  0.2 GPa and a minimum of the indentation modulus of 387  2 GPa. The toughness-related quantities of the SLs in particular show a significant enhancement compared to monolithic TiN and WN, including a tripling of the fracture energy. The fracture toughness is raised from 2.8  0.1 (TiN) and 3.1  0.1 (WN) to 4.6  0.2 MPa√m by the SL arrangement. We relate this maximisation to the vastly disparate elastic moduli and compositional fluctuations. To complement our experimental data, we present Density Functional Theory-based models to disentangle the conspicuous trends observed for TiN/WN superlattices.

Keywords:
Superlattice; Fracture toughness; Thin film; Sputtering; DFT


"Official" electronic version of the publication (accessed through its Digital Object Identifier - DOI)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2019.04.028

Electronic version of the publication:
https://publik.tuwien.ac.at/files/publik_279848.pdf



Related Projects:
Project Head Matthias Bartosik:
Hard coating materials


Created from the Publication Database of the Vienna University of Technology.