G. Berger, G. Gottlob, A. Pieris, E. Sallinger:

"The Space-Efficient Core of Vadalog";

Talk: SIGMOD/PODS 2019 - 38th Symposium on Principles of Database Systems 2019, Amsterdam, Niederlande; 2019-06-30 - 2019-07-05; in: "Proceedings of the 38th {ACM} {SIGMOD-SIGACT-SIGAI} Symposium on Principles of Database Systems, {PODS} 2019", (2019), ISBN: 978-1-4503-6227-6; 270 - 284.

Vadalog is a system for performing complex reasoning tasks such as those required in advanced knowledge graphs. The logical core of the underlying Vadalog language is the warded fragment of tuple-generating dependencies (TGDs). This formalism ensures tractable reasoning in data complexity, while a recent analysis focusing on a practical implementation led to the reasoning algorithm around which the Vadalog system is built. A fundamental question that has emerged in the context of Vadalog is the following: can we limit the recursion

allowed by wardedness in order to obtain a formalism that provides a convenient syntax for expressing useful recursive statements, and at the same time achieves space-efficiency? After analyzing several real-life examples of warded sets of TGDs provided by our industrial partners, as well as recent benchmarks, we observed that recursion is often used in a restricted way: the body of a TGD contains at most one atom whose predicate is mutually recursive with a predicate in the

head. We show that this type of recursion, known as piecewise

linear in the Datalog literature, is the answer to our main question.We further show that piece-wise linear recursion alone, without the wardedness condition, is not enough as it leads to the undecidability of reasoning.We finally study the relative expressiveness of the query languages based on (piece-wise linear) warded sets of TGDs.

reasoning, query answering, Datalog, tuple-generating dependencies, complexity, expressive power

http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/3294052.3319688

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