W. Freinbichler, B. Misini, M.A Colivicchi, W. Linert, K. Tipton, L. Della Corte:
"The Application of Bathophenanthroline for the Determination of Free Iron in parallel with hROS in Microdialysis Samples";
Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 331 (2020), 1; S. 108530 - 108535.

Kurzfassung englisch:
Free, non-protein bound, Fe(II), which can catalyse the formation of the toxic highly-reactive oxygen species (hROS), has been implicated in several neurodegenerative conditions. The determination of free Fe(II) and Fe(III) in samples obtained from microdialysis experiments has been limited by the small amounts of sample available. New method. This work describes the development of a HPLC, with absorbance detection, method, based on the complexation of Fe(II) with bathophenanthroline disulfonate (BS), which allows a complete extracellular iron analysis with the small sample amounts that are available from in vivo microdialysis in rat brain. Results. Microdialysis experiments using 6-hydroxydopamine stimulation, showed that basalas well as evoked levels of extracellular Fe(II) and total iron could be determined in parallel with measurements of hROS formation. Comparison with existing methods. Although a spectrophotometric BS-based assay has been reported for use in microdialysis samples from large animals, the present procedure is applicable to the small sample sizes available from studies in rat brain. It is simpler than the alternative, involving inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Conclusions. The procedure described is simple and sensitive, giving a linear response in the Fe(II) concentration range of 50 -2000 nM. A 20 min microdialysis sample (flow-rate 3 μl/min) yields sufficient material for triplicate determinations of the evoked release of Fe(II) and total iron whilst leaving sufficient sample volume for determining hROS and amine or amino-acid neurotransmitter release. 

Free iron; Bathophenanthroline disulfonate; 6-Hydroxydopamine (2,4,5- trihydroxyphenethylamine); HPLC; microdialysis; hROS

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