Talks and Poster Presentations (without Proceedings-Entry):

J. Gärtner, A. Arlinghaus, F. Nachreiner, D. Fischer, S. Folkard:
"Modeling Injuries and Accidents Based on Selected Working Hours Characteristics - A Discussion of Open Questions and How to Deal With Them";
Talk: XXIV International Symposium on Shiftwork & Working Time - Shiftwork2019, Coeur D#Alene, Idaho, USA (invited); 2019-09-09 - 2019-09-13.

English abstract:
Extensive research has provided accident
risk estimates for different work hour characteristics, e.g. the
"Updated Risk Index" (Fischer et al 2017) calculates risks based
on type and length of shift, duration of the shift, etc.. However,
research and the Risk Index hardly address non-standard work
hours. Methods: In the process of designing a software tool
incorporating the "Risk Index", we identified open questions in
accident risk modeling. Based on theoretical assumptions, new
approaches were developed and tested in their applicability:
Results: Our suggestions for scientific discussion and empirical
testing include:
- What classifies as night work can vary across studies due
to countries´ different legislation, etc.. We developed two
components to address this question: Firstly, an hourly
estimation of risks that provides a more precise estimation
than a global estimation of a shift. Secondly, a unifying
approach that quantifies the "nightness", "lateness", etc. of
a shift based on its starting and ending times considering
consequences on sleep, social interaction, etc.. This concept
allows for considering the consequences of series of nonstandard
shifts in a row (e.g., three shifts of 70% nightness).
- How to model the effect of recovery over several work-free
hours and/or days - e.g. how long does it take to recover
fully after several night-shifts, how strong is the recovery
after 24hours? If rest hours do not allow for complete
recovery, how to estimate accumulative effects? How to model the effects of on-shift rest breaks (e.g.,
number, duration, and intervals? - How important is what
workers do during their break (eating, exercise, nap)? How
to include shift handover problems/effects into appropriate
modelling approaches?

Created from the Publication Database of the Vienna University of Technology.