H. Biber, P. Szabo, N. Jäggi, M. Wallner, R. Stadlmayr, M. Moro, A. Nenning, A. Mutzke, K. Mezger, H. Lammer, D. Primetzhofer, J. Fleig, A. Galli, P. Wurz, F. Aumayr:
"Solar wind Helium ion interaction with Mg and Fe rich pyroxene as Mercury surface analogue";
Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section B,
The surface of Mercury is continuously exposed to impinging solar wind ions. To improve the understanding of space weathering and exosphere formation, a detailed investigation of the ion-surface interaction is necessary. Magnesium and iron rich pyroxene (Ca,Mg,Fe)2[Si2O6] samples were used as analogues for Mercury´s surface and irradiated with He+ ions at solar wind energies of 4 keV. Several regimes of implantation and sputtering were observed there. The total estimated mass of implanted He coincides with the mass decrease due to He outgassing during subsequent Thermal Desorption Spectroscopy measurements. Comparison to established modeling efforts and SDTrimSP simulations show that a He saturation concentration of 10 at.% has to be as- sumed. A complete removal of He is observed by heating to 530 K. On the surface of Mercury, temperatures between about 100 K and 700 K are expected. This temperature will therefore influence the implantation and release of He into Mercury´s exosphere.
Solar wind Helium Mercury Implantation Retention
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