Doctor's Theses (authored and supervised):

L. Taghizadeh:
"Stochastic PDEs for Modeling Transport in Nanoscale Devices";
Supervisor, Reviewer: C. Heitzinger, C. Ringhofer, R. Ghanem; Institute of Analysis and Scientific Computing, 2019; oral examination: 2019-10-14.

English abstract:
The understanding of charge transport plays an essential role in the design of many electronic
and nanoscale devices such as electrical-impedance tomography (EIT) sensors, nanowire
field-effect (bio- and gas) sensors and nanopore sensors for instance in medical applications
and nanotechnology. Thus, carefully and realistic modeling and analysis of charge transport
in nanoscale devices are of great importance. In this regard, we extend the transport model,
namely the drift-diffusion-Poisson system to the frequency domain and analyze the existence
and local uniqueness of its solution in the alternating-current (AC) small-signal regime,
which were only demonstrated experimentally recently. To further improve the model, we
develop the stochastic drift-diffusion-Poisson system in order to model uncertainty in the
nanoscale devices. To this end, we first analyze the stochastic PDE system by presenting
existence and local uniqueness of its solution, and then develop optimal stochastic numerical
methods such as multilevel Monte-Carlo and multilevel randomized quasi Monte-Carlo finite element methods to model randomness in charge transport. In fact the total errors of the
presented stochastic methods including different (statistical and discretization) sources have
to be balanced in order to improve the computational efficiency of the methods. This leads
to finding the optimal discretization parameters and number of samples and consequently
optimal stochastic methods. Realistic modeling of medical and electronic devices such
as EIT sensors is also essential in this field. In this dissertation, we develop an EIT
inverse model problem in an infinite-dimensional setting by extending the standard forward
model to a nonlinear elliptic partial differential equation. The uncertainty in the presented
nonlinear EIT model is due to the material and inclusion properties such as permittivities,
charges and sizes of inclusions in the main body, which are essential in medicine, EIT and
bioimpedance tomography to screen the interior body and to detect tumors or to determine
body composition. These geometrical and physical governing parameters are extracted
simultaneously by solving the resulting EIT inverse problem by means of an adaptive
Markov-chain Monte-Carlo finite-element method (MCMC-FEM), including an MCMC
sampling technique for the probability space and a Galerkin finite-element approximation
for the discretization of the physical space. Furthermore, we formulate the EIT inverse
model in a measure-theoretic framework and prove well-definedness and well-posedness of
the posterior measure and the Bayesian inversion. The Bayesian inference also proves its
ability to interpret the statistical variability in the measured outputs of biofilms growth
and degradation. To this end, we present a system of PDEs as a mathematical model for
biofilms, which describes the time dependent evolution of the size of the biofilm including
quorum sensing and cooperation of bacteria against antibiotics. The results of biofilm
inverse problem prove the ability of the proposed uncertainty quantification method to
accurately estimate relevant system parameter in the model.

Electronic version of the publication:

Created from the Publication Database of the Vienna University of Technology.