Publications in Scientific Journals:
D. Gaglione, G. Soldi, F. Meyer, F. Hlawatsch, P. Braca, A. Farina, M.Z. Win:
"Bayesian information fusion and multitarget tracking for maritime situational awareness";
IET Radar, Sonar & Navigation,
The goal of maritime situational awareness (MSA) is to provide a seamless wide-area operational picture of ship traffic in coastal areas and the oceans in real time. Radar is a central sensing modality for MSA. In particular, oceanographic high-frequency surface-wave (HFSW) radars are attractive for surveying large sea areas at over-the-horizon distances, due to their low environmental footprint and low power requirements. However, their design is not optimal for the challenging conditions prevalent in MSA applications, thus calling for the development of dedicated information fusion and multisensor-multitarget tracking algorithms. In this study, the authors show how the multisensor-multitarget tracking problem can be formulated in a Bayesian framework and efficiently solved by running the loopy sum-product algorithm on a suitably devised factor graph. Compared to previously proposed methods, this approach is advantageous in terms of estimation accuracy, computational complexity, implementation flexibility, and scalability. Moreover, its performance can be further enhanced by estimating unknown model parameters in an online fashion and by fusing automatic identification system (AIS) data and context-based information. The effectiveness of the proposed Bayesian multisensor-multitarget tracking and information fusion algorithms is demonstrated through experimental results based on simulated data as well as real HFSW radar data and real AIS data.
Information fusion, radar, multitarget tracking, maritime situational awareness, Bayesian inference, sum-product algorithm, belief propagation, factor graph, automatic identification system, AIS, context-based information, HFSW radars
"Official" electronic version of the publication (accessed through its Digital Object Identifier - DOI)
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Created from the Publication Database of the Vienna University of Technology.