Publications in Scientific Journals:
A. Pavlogiannis, N. Schaumberger, U. Schmid, K. Chatterjee:
"Precedence-Aware Automated Competitive Analysis of Real-Time Scheduling";
IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems,
We consider a real-time setting where an environment releases sequences of firm-deadline tasks, and an online scheduler chooses on-the-fly the ones to execute on a single processor so as to maximize cumulated utility. The competitive ratio is a well-known performance measure for the scheduler: it gives the worst-case ratio, among all possible choices for the environment, of the cumulated utility of the online scheduler versus an offline scheduler that knows these choices in advance. Traditionally, competitive analysis is performed by hand, while automated techniques are rare and only handle static environments with independent tasks. We present a quantitative-verification framework for precedence-aware competitive analysis, where task releases may depend on preceding scheduling choices, i.e., the environment can respond to scheduling decisions dynamically. We consider two general classes of precedences: 1) follower precedences force the release of a dependent task upon the completion of a set of precursor tasks, while and 2) pairing precedences modify the characteristics of a dependent task provided the completion of a set of precursor tasks. Precedences make competitive analysis challenging, as the online and offline schedulers operate on diverging sequences. We make a formal presentation of our framework, and use a GPU-based implementation to analyze ten well-known schedulers on precedence-based application examples taken from the existing literature: 1) a handshake protocol (HP); 2) network packet-switching; 3) query scheduling (QS); and 4) a sporadic-interrupt setting. Our experimental results show that precedences and task parameters can vary drastically the best scheduler. Our framework thus supports application designers in choosing the best scheduler among a given set automatically.
Competitive analysis, precedence scheduling, quantitative verification
"Official" electronic version of the publication (accessed through its Digital Object Identifier - DOI)
Created from the Publication Database of the Vienna University of Technology.